William Henry Harrison.
A maverick Democrat who refused allegiance to the program of party leader Andrew JacksonTyler was rejected in office by both the Democratic Party and the Whig Party and functioned as a political independent.
After graduating from the College of William and Mary inyoung Tyler studied law with his father, gaining admission to the bar in He married his first wife, Letitia Christianon his 23rd birthday in His political career began in the Virginia legislaturewhere he served from totoand in He served as United States representative —21as state governor —27and as United States senator — While in the Senate, Tyler—who was a slaveholder—sought to prohibit the slave trade in the District of Columbia but opposed its abolition there without the consent of Maryland and Virginia.
This anti-Jackson stand endeared Tyler to the opposition Whig Partywhich in nominated him for the vice presidency in an effort to attract Southern support. After Tyler vetoed two bills aimed at reestablishing a national bank, all but one member, Secretary of State Daniel Websterof the cabinet Tyler inherited from Harrison reed, and two days later he was formally ostracized by congressional Whigs. Tyler was now a president without a party.
Nevertheless, his administration managed to accomplish a great deal. It reorganized the navy, established the United States Weather Bureaubrought an end to the Second Seminole War —42 in Florida, and put down the rebellion led by Thomas Dorr against the state government of Rhode Island. Tyler married Julia Gardiner Julia Tyler inthus becoming the first president to marry while in office.
Having been rejected by the Whigs and finding only lukewarm support among the Democrats, Tyler entered the presidential election of as the candidate of his own party, which he created from a core of loyal appointees.
His candidacy attracted little support, however, and in August he withdrew in favour of the Democratic nominee, James K. After leaving office, Tyler continued to take an active interest in public affairs and remained a strong champion of Southern interests. However, on the eve of the Civil War he stood firmly against secession and worked to preserve the Union.
Early in he presided over the Washington Peace Conference, an abortive effort to resolve sectional differences. When the Senate rejected the proposals of the conference, he relinquished all hope of saving the Union and returned to Virginia, where he served as a delegate to the Virginia Secession Convention. Shortly before his death Tyler was elected to the Confederate House of Representatives.
The table provides a list of cabinet members in the administration of Pres. John Tyler. Videos Images. Additional Info. Print print Print.
Succession to the presidency
Table Of Contents. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. Facebook Twitter.
Give Feedback External Websites. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article requires .
External Websites. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Tyler, John. See all media.
Early life and career
Born: March 29, Virginia Show more Died: January 18, aged 71 Richmond Virginia Show more Political Affiliation: Whig Party Show more. Full Article.
Meet the first vice president to ascend to the presidency, following William Henry Harrison's death. Key events in the life of John Tyler.
Tyler cameron is dating an instagram model?
Britannica Quiz. Presidential History Quiz. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Subscribe Now. John Tyler, oil painting by Hart, c.
The bachelorette fame & gigi hadid's ex tyler cameron has created quite a stir after reports of him dating instagram model ireland borba has surfaced online.
Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. Jackson waited until his last day in office to establish formal relations with the Republic of Texas, one year after his friend Sam Houston had….
History at your fingertips. up here to see what happened On This Dayevery day in your inbox!
address. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Daniel Webster. John C. Calhoun from April 1, John Jordan Crittenden.