The demographics of Filipino Americans describe a heterogeneous group of people in the United States who trace their ancestry to the Philippines. As of the Censusthere were 3. Filipino Americans constitute the second-largest population of Asian Americansand the largest population of Overseas Filipinos.
The first recorded presence of Filipinos in what is now the United States dates to Octoberwith the first permanent settlement of Filipinos in present-day Louisiana in Migration of ificant s of Filipinos to the United States did not occur until the early 20th century, when the Philippines was an overseas territory of the United States.
After World War II, and untilmigration of Filipinos to the United States was reduced limited to primarily military and medically connected immigration. Sincedue to changes in immigration policy, the population of Filipino Americans has expanded ificantly. Filipino Americans can be found throughout the United States, especially in the Western United States and metropolitan areas.
Other states with ificant populations of Filipinos include: Hawaii, Illinois, Texas, and Washington. There are smaller populations of Filipino Americans elsewhere.
As a population, Filipino Americans are multilingual, with Tagalog being the largest non-English language being spoken. A majority of Filipino Americans are Christianwith smaller populations having other religious views.
On average, Filipino Americans earn a higher average household income and achieve a higher level of education than the national average.
The Filipino American community is the second-largest Asian American group in the United States with a population of over 3. The U. Census Bureau reported that the American Community Survey, identified approximately 3.
State Department estimated the size of the Filipino American community at four million,  or 1. Multiple languages are spoken by Filipino Americans, and the majority are Roman Catholic. Census Bureau survey done in found that [update] Filipino Americans had the second highest median family income amongst Asian Americans, and had a high level of educational achievement. Interracial marriage among Filipinos is common. The earliest recorded presence of Filipinos in what is now the United States is October when mariners under Spanish command landed in Morro Bay, California.
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They were documented by Harper's Weekly journalist Lafcadio Hearn in ificant immigration to the United States began in the s  after the Spanish—American War when the Philippines became an overseas territory of the United Statesand the population became United States nationals. A smaller group of immigrants were sent on a scholarship program established by the Philippine Commission and were collectively known as " pensionados ";  the first batch of pensionados was sent in and the scholarship program continued until World War II.
Other Filipino students, outside the program, came to the United States for education; many did not return to the Philippines. During this wave of migration to the United States from the Philippines, men outed women by a ratio of about The quota of non-naval immigration increased slightly to because of the passage of the Luce—Celler Act of They could not be considered "immigrants" since their presence was dependent on a work sponsor and the visas were only valid for two years upon which time the nurses had to return to the Philippines before seeking another engagement to come back to the US.
Following the enactment of the Immigration and Nationality Act ofuntil at least the s, the Philippines became the largest source of Asian immigration, providing one-fourth of Asian immigrants to the United States. As a result of the shortage of nurses, the Philippines become the largest source of healthcare professionals who immigrated to the U.
Like other immigrant groups, Filipino immigrants clustered together both out of a sense of community and in response to prejudice against them.
This created the first Little Manilas in urban areas. It had allowed about thirty-five thousand Filipinos to the U. Navy, many of whom immigrated to the U. They also intermarried more than other Asian Americans. The following is a list of states with ificant Filipino American populations of over 70, in As ofthere are 4. Although Filipinos first arrived in California in the 16th century,  the first documentation of a Filipino residing in California did not occur untilwhen Antonio Miranda Rodriguez was counted in the census as a "chino".
Before World War II, Stockton had the largest population of Filipinos outside of the Philippine Islands, and during the harvest season, its Filipino population would swell to over 10, Inthe Filipino population grew to 31, and continued to grow to 67, by It had nearly doubled tobyand by had grown to almost three quarters of a million peopleFilipino pensionados began arriving to the region inincluding Ventura County ;  others attended schools in Los Angeles County, including the University of Southern Californiaand University of California, Los Angeles.
The of Filipinos in the area expanded in the winter season to work temporary jobs. Greater Los Angeles is the metropolitan area home to the most Filipino Americans, with the population ing around ,;  Los Angeles County alone s for overFilipinos,  the most of any single county in the U. It is now largely populated by Hispanic and Latino Americans. Most Filipinos who resided in the area and the city in general have moved to the suburbs,    particularly cities in the San Gabriel Valleyincluding West Covina and Rowland Heights.
One of the earliest records of a Filipino settling in the San Francisco Bay Area occurred in the midth century, when a Filipino immigrant and his Miwok wife settled in Lairds Landing on the Marin County coast;   many Coast Miwok trace their lineage to this couple.
Military, some through the Presidio of San Franciscoand others as migrant workers on their way to points inland; many of these Filipinos would settle down permanently in the Bay Area, establishing "Manilatown" on Kearny Street next to Chinatown. The Census showed that the greater San Francisco Bay Area was home to approximatelyresidents of Filipino descent,  with the largest concentration living in Santa Clara County. San Diego has historically been a destination for Filipino immigrants and has contributed to the growth of its population.
Navy in one form or another. Even in the late s and early s more than half of Filipino babies born in the greater San Diego area were born at Balboa Naval Hospital. From a population of in to 15, in  by the Filipino American population in San Diego County increased to 95, From toHawaiian sugar plantations recruited Filipinos, later known as sakadas ; by Filipinos made up the majority of laborers on Hawaiian sugar plantations. According to the Censusthe state of Hawaii had a Filipino population of over ,   with overliving on the island of Oahu ;  of those,were immigrants.
Filipino immigrants in Hawaii made up six per cent of all Filipino immigrants in the United States.
Filipino migration to the Chicago area began in with the immigration of pensionados,  consisting predominantly of men. A ificant of them married non-Filipinos, mainly Eastern or Southern European women. The population decreased to 1, in with men outing women In, Filipino Americans lived in Illinois—  95, in the Chicago metropolitan area. The first Filipino known by name in Texas was Francisco Flores, who came to Texas by way of Cuba in the nineteenth century. As more Filipino Americans came to Texas, the center of their population shifted to Houston, which today has one of the largest Filipino populations in the South.
The first documented Filipino in Washington state was a lumber mill employee at Port Blakely inbut there were some earlier instances of Filipino seamen settling in the Puget Sound region. InFilipino Americans were the fifth-largest minority population, with 11, persons, after African-Americans, Hispanic and Latino AmericansNative Americansand Japanese Americans; they were 0.
Taken as a whole, these municipalities are home to a ificant proportion of Bergen County's Philippine population. Inthere were 14, Filipinos in New York State. In the s and s, Filipinos in New York and New Jersey had a higher socioeconomic status than Filipinos elsewhere; more than half of Filipino immigrants to the metropolitan area were healthcare or other highly trained professionalsin contrast to established working-class Filipino American populations elsewhere. Filipinos have resided in New York City since the s. In the s, Filipinos settled near Brooklyn Navy Yard.
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Five Filipinos were documented in Nevada in ; the population increased to 47 in Inthere was a single Filipino living in Floridathis population increased to 11 inand 46 in The first year that Filipinos were documented in Virginia by the United States Census Bureau was inwhen 97 Filipinos were counted; bythat population increased to InVirginia's Filipino population was 59, Navy had recruited them in the Philippines. Filipinos have been in Alaska since the s and were the largest Asian American ethnicity in the state in During the early 20th century, Alaska was the third-leading population center of Filipinos in the United States, after Hawaii and California; many worked seasonally in salmon canneries.
In Utahthe population of Filipino Americans doubled between andto 6, having the third-highest rate of growth by state of Filipinos in the nation.
The population in the Panama Canal Zone increased to In areas with sparse Filipino populations, they often form loose-knit social organizations aimed at maintaining a "sense of family", which is a key feature of Filipino culture. These organizations generally arrange social events, especially of a charitable nature, and keep members up-to-date with local events.
Filipino Americans formed close-knit neighborhoods, notably in California and Hawaii. Filipino Americans form a multilingual community but the two most spoken languages are English and Tagalog. Filipino Americans own a variety of businesses, making up InFilipino Americans' employment rate was