I don’t move to the back of the bus?
After Juneteenth became a federal holiday, there are growing calls for this day to also be observed at the federal level. Twelve years before her history-making arrest, Parks was stopped from boarding a city bus by driver James F. Blakewho ordered her to board at the back door and then drove off without her.
Parks vowed never again to ride a bus driven by Blake. Inshe was sent to Abbeville, Alabama, to investigate the gang rape of Recy Taylor.
The protest that arose around the Taylor case was the first instance of a nationwide civil rights protest, and it laid the groundwork for the Montgomery bus boycott. InParks completed a course in "Race Relations" at the Highlander Folk School in Tennessee where nonviolent civil disobedience had been discussed as a tactic. On December 1,Parks was sitting in the frontmost row for black people.
When a Caucasian man boarded the bus, the bus driver told everyone in her row to move back. At that moment, Parks realized that she was again on a bus driven by Blake. While all of the other black people in her row complied, Parks refused, and was arrested  for failing to obey the driver's seat asments, as city ordinances did not explicitly mandate segregation but did give the bus driver authority to as seats.
Rosa Parks' action gained notoriety leading to the Montgomery bus boycottwhich was a seminal event in the civil rights movementand was a political and social protest campaign against the policy of racial segregation on the public transit system of MontgomeryAlabama. The campaign lasted from December 1, — when Rosa Parksan African-American woman, was arrested for refusing to surrender her seat to a white person — to December 20,when a federal ruling, Browder v. Gayletook effect, and led to a United States Supreme Court decision that declared the Alabama and Montgomery laws requiring segregated buses to be unconstitutional.
The day boycott almost bankrupted the bus company and effectively made segregation in buses unconstitutional and illegal. Rosa Parks Day. Rosa Parks and the Montgomery Bus that made her notable. Main articles: Rosa Parks and Montgomery bus boycott. Archived from the original on December 24, Retrieved December 23, Random House. ISBN December 1, Archived from the original PDF on May 13, Grolier Online [ permanent dead link ] accessed May 8, Retrieved Holidays, observances, and celebrations in the United States. Day federal.
Super Bowl Sunday. Washington's Birthday federal Valentine's Day. Mardi Gras.
Saint Patrick's Day religious Spring break week. Easter religious. Juneteenth federal, cultural Father's Day Independence Day federal.
Summer vacation. Labor Day federal.
Columbus Day federal Halloween. Veterans Day federal Thanksgiving federal.
Christmas religious, federal New Year's Eve. Hidden : All articles with dead external links Articles with dead external links from April Articles with permanently dead external links Infobox holiday other. Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history.
Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes file. Download as PDF Printable version.
Rosa parks day
The holiday was first observed on January 5, and every year thereafter, created by an act of the California legislature. Holiday is observed on December 1, the day Rosa Parks was arrested. Summer vacation Tisha B'Av religious.